浙江省中小学教师招聘录用考试《小学英语》考试说明 - 浙江教师招聘考试大纲

浙江省中小学教师招聘录用考试《小学英语》考试说明

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浙江省中小学教师录用考试小学英语学科考试说明
               
Ⅰ、考试性质
浙江省中小学教师录用考试是为全省教育行政部门招聘教师而进行的选拔性考试, 其目的是为教育行政部门录用教师提供智育方面的参考。各地根据考生的考试成绩,结合面试情况,按已确定的招聘计划,从教师应有的素质、文化水平、教育技能等方面进行全面考核,择优录取。因此,全省教师招聘考试应当具有较高的信度、效度、区分度和适当的难度。
II、 考试目标与要求
 
浙江省教师招聘考试小学英语学科考试旨在选拔具有优秀英语教师潜质的考生入职小学英语教学。其具体目标制订如下;1、考察考生对小学英语教学内容的理解、领会、掌握和运用水平;2、考查考生对高等教育对应于小学英语学科教学内容掌握情况;3、考察考生小学英语课程与教学论知识水平,即对课程标准的理解能力,对小学英语教材的理解、分析、重构和运用能力,对教学设计和课堂教学相关理论的理解和掌握水平,以及把所学理论分析教学问题和把理论应用与教学实践的能力。其具体要求如下;1.小学英语教学内容在规定的知识范围内,比较全面测试考生的英语能力;2.高等教育对应于小学英语教学内容在高等师范院校英语专业基础英语、英语写作基础、英语语法、英美概况、翻译技巧、英美文学等课程的要求所规定的知识范围内,比较全面测试考生的英语语言文学知识和能力;3.课程与教学论内容在《基础教育课程改革纲要》所阐明的及“中小学英语课程与教学论”中共通的知识与能力范围内。4.上述三方面知识内容共有六种能力要求,即识记、理解、分析、赏析、应用和创新,并表现为六个层级。A.识记  指识别和记忆,是最基本的能力层级。B.理解  指领会并能作简单的解释,是在识记基础上高一级的能力层级。C.分析  指分解剖析和归纳整理,是在识记和理解的基础上进一步提高了的能力层级。D.鉴赏  指对阅读材料的鉴别、赏析和评说,是以识记、理解和分析综合为基础,在阅读方面发展了的能力层级。E.应用  指对各方面的知识和能力的运用,是以识记、理解和分析为基础,主要表现为英语知识的应用(写作)和教学技能的应用(教学设计)。F.创新  指探讨疑难问题,具有独到之见;摸索教学方法,能够另辟蹊径。这是对各种知识、技能加以融会贯通而形成的高级能力。对A、B、C、D、E、F六个能力层级都可有难易不同的考查。
 
III、考试内容和范围
 
 浙江省小学英语教师招聘考试是根据目前各小学对合格英语教师的一般要求,以及教育部关于高等师范院校基础英语、英语写作基础、英语语法、英美概况、翻译技巧、英美文学等课程的内容而定,并兼顾目前小学英语教学的实际。考试内容和范围涵盖三个方面;即小学英语教学内容、高等教育对应于小学英语教学内容及小学英语课程与教学论内容。
 
一、小学英语教学内容
(一)英语语言知识
1.小学英语句法知识 包括句子成分、句型结构、句子语态、(能力层级:F)。
2.小学英语词汇知识 包括词性、词根及不同条件下词形的变化,也包括词义的理解、识记和正确运用(能力层级:E)
3.英语语音知识 包括词汇语音的字母组合、单音节和多音节词发音的基本规律、句子语音语调。(能力层级:F)
4.短语和惯用法的识记、理解和正确使用(能力层级:C,E)
5.看图说话与话题知识 熟悉话题的内容,了解看图说话与话题的基本结构和功能。包括熟悉儿童、个人、家庭、社会交往等方面的话题;以及了解有关英语国家日常生活习惯的话题。(能力层级:C,E)
(二)英语语言技能
6.阅读理解能力能准确理解小学英语文本内容和意义;把握语言结构和事实;能理解教材潜在知识结构和技能系统;能理解教材的教学意义和学习价值。(能力层级:B-E)
7.写作能力能根据图像写话或写文;能用英文书写应用文;能用英文写读书报告、教学故事等。(能力层级:A-E)
 8.翻译能力 能把复杂难懂的英文句子或语篇翻译成为通顺的中文。(能力层级:C,E)
 
二、高等教育对应于小学英语教学内容
(一)基础英语课程
1.英语基础知识 考生能掌握和熟悉与专业四级水平相当的基础词汇、语法知识、语音知识和语篇知识。(能力层级:A-D)
2.基本技能 考生具备综合运用英语的技能技巧,具有较强的听、说、读、写的能力以及初步译的能力,能准确熟练地运用英语语言。(能力层级:A-E)
(二)英语写作基础
1.掌握英语写作基础理论。了解英语不同体裁、不同风格写作的要求,能够对文章优劣作出基本判断,识别作文中措辞、时态、语态、审题等不当之处。(能力层级:A-E)
2.具备写作构思的能力。运用构思方法,学会产生观念和组织观念。(能力层级:C,E)
3.文字组织的能力。写作过程即转译过程,考生首先必须具备从思维转换为内部言语的能力,其次具备将内部言语转换为外部言语的能力,再次将从外部言语转换为书面语言的能力。(能力层级:B-E)
4.修改能力。 考生必须具备宏观修改、微观和校读的能力。(能力层级:C-E)
(三)英语语法
1.构词法知识   掌握基本构词法、各种词类的形式与用法、非限定动词的形式与功能。(能力层级:C-E)
2.句法与句式知识  掌握各种句式的构成及功能、并列与从属、联句成篇的衔接手段等内容;考生能注意形式与功能的联系,并能在使用英语时根据表达的需要说出和写出正确恰当的语句和连贯的语篇。(能力层级:C-D)
(四)英美概况
1.文化背景知识  比较全面地了解主要英语国家的历史、地理、政治以及风土人
等文化背景 知识。(能力层级:A——C)
2.理解文化的相似性和差异性  理解英美文化与汉文化共性与个性,了解和认识语言文化内在关系。(能力层级:B—E)
(五)翻译技巧
1.英汉翻译技巧  考生对英语语言有准确的理解,能用汉语流畅表达译文的能力,使得其译文基本上达到忠实和流畅的标准,考生初步具备翻译这一跨文化交际的意识和能力,能就一般内容的话题进行较准确流畅的英汉翻译。(能力层级:B—E)
2.汉英翻译技巧  考生具有英汉翻译知识,一定的英汉翻译思维能力,具有在英汉两种语言之间较自由转换和表达的能力,具备跨文化交际的意识和能力,能就一般内容的话题进行较准确流畅的汉英翻译。(能力层级:B—E)
(六)英美文学
1.英国文学  考生对英国文学形成与发展的全貌有基本的了解,掌握英国文学发展的基本脉络,掌握各个时期主要作家以及主要文学流派的创作特色及创作主张。考生具有分析部分主要作品、综合人文素质及文艺鉴赏能力。(能力层级:B—E)
2.美国文学  考生掌握美国文学发展的脉络及各个时期的文学潮流;了解一些重点作家的小说和诗歌特点,考生具备初步的美国文学作品鉴赏的能力。(能力层级:B—E)

  • 小学英语课程与教学论内容
(一)中学英语课程基础知识    
1.理解和把握英语课程的性质和理念。(能力层级:B—D)
2.课程目标 理解小学英语课程目标结构、功能和内容标准。(能力层级:B—D)
3.课程设计 理解小学英语课程设计的原理和思路。(能力层级:B—D)
4.理解英语教材的基本概念、类型、结构和功能(能力层级:B—D)
(二).小学英语教学基础知识
1.英语语言观  了解英语语言的结构观、语言功能观和交际观。(能力层级:B—F)
2.英语教学方法  理解任务型教学法、翻译法、听说法、、阅读法、交际法、认知法等常规教学方法的特点及其功能。(能力层级:B—F)
3.小学英语教学评价  了解评价的种类(总结性评价;形成性评价;诊断性评价)、
特点与功能。(能力层级:B—D)
(三)小学英语教学基本能力
1.教材理解与分析 具有对英语教材理解、分析和重构的能力。(能力层级:B—D)
2.课堂教学设计 具备较强的中学英语课堂教学设计能力,能根据所提供的教学文本、教学任务进行书面设计,或者对有关教学案例进行评析。英语教学过程设计合理,它体现在课堂导入语、课堂结束语、板书、教学活动、教学提问、课堂偶发事件处理和课堂作业的设计之中。(能力层级:B—F)
3.课堂教学  具备较强的英语课堂教学能力,能熟悉地运用多种教学方法驾驭英语课堂教学。如熟悉“任务型”教学方法。(能力层级:B—F)
4.教学与技术整合 适当整合小学英语教学方法与教学媒体技术,尽力使课堂教学效率最大化,教学过程最优化。(能力层级:B—D)
5.教学重难点  确定课堂英语教学的重点与难点,选择突破重点与难点的方法。(能力层级:B—D)
6.学习方法指导 具有指导学生说话、阅读、口语交际和研究性学习等能力。(能力层级:B—F)
(四)小学英语学习的评价能力
1.学习能力的评价 能对小学生英语学习能力作出比较正确和科学的评价。(能力层级:B—D)
2.测试的设计 具有小学英语测试的设计与评价能力。(能力层级:B—F)
 
IV.考试形式、试卷类型与试卷结构
一.考试形式
闭卷,笔试。试卷满分为100分,考试限定用时150分钟。
 
二、试题类型
选择题、填空题、简答题、翻译题、论述题、写作题等。
 
三.试卷结构:试卷结构如下表所示:
 

内容 题量 计分 每个部分分值
第一部分:
小学学科教学内容
10 5  
30
5 5
10 10
1 10
第二部分:
高等教育对应于中小学英语学科教学内容
5 5  
30
1 5
10 10
1 10
第三部分:
英语学科课程与教学理论内容
5 5  
40
5 5
3 15
1 15
总计 12 57 100 100
 
 
V、参考试卷及答案
 
一.参考试卷
      
浙江省教授招聘考试小学英语学科考试试题
 
              (样卷)
 
第一部分:小学英语学科教学内容
说明:本部分测试考生对小学英语学科教学内容掌握情况,本部分共26小题,共30分,分为四节。第一节:字母和单词注音;第二节:翻译;第三节:完形填空;第四节:写作。
第一节:字母和单词注音(共10小题;每小题0。5分,满分5分)
1. w [         ]     2. z [         ]     3. l  [         ]     4. beds [        ]
5. reading [      ]        6. worker [       ]     7. kitchen [       ]
8. begun [       ]        9. can’t  [       ]     10.said  [        ]      
第二节:翻译题 把下面的句子翻译成为英文(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
11.几经周折,我才在一家金矿找到一份工作。
12.那时这被认为是一次技术革命,也是我人工智能研究的开始。
13.到了这个时候,他的餐馆本该宾客盈门。
14. 昨天我们见了面,我做自我介绍时,他靠得很近。
15. 事情得经过时这样的。
第三节:完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)。
Since my family were not going to be helpful, I decided I would look for one all by myself and not tell them about it till I’d got one.
I had seen an agency advertised in a local newspaper. I rushed out of the house in search of it. I was wildly excited, and as  _16_ as if I were going on the stage. Finding the place quite easily, I ran breathlessly through a door which said “Enter without knocking, if you please.”
The simple atmosphere of the office  17  me. The woman looked carefully at me for a while through her glasses, and then  18  me in a low voice. I answered softly. All of a sudden I started to feel rather hopeless She wondered why I was looking for this sort of  19  . I felt even more helpless when she told me that it would be difficult to get a job without  20   .I wondered whether I ought to leave, when the telephone on her desk rang. I heard her say:
  __21___, I’ve got someone in the office at this very moment who might  22 .” She wrote down a number, and held it out to me, saying: “Ring up this lady. She wants a  __23   immediately. In fact, you would have to start tomorrow by cooking a dinner for ten people.”
“Oh yes,” said I--- never having cooked for more than four in my life. I  24  her again and again, and rushed out to the nearest telephone box. I collected my thoughts, took a deep breath, and rang the number. I said confidently that I was just what she was looking for.
I spent the next few hours  25  cook books.
16. A. proud          B. pleased              C. nervous            D. worried
17. A. calmed      B. excited             C. frightened         D. disturbed
18. A. advised   B. examined         C. informed      D. questioned
19. A. place      B. job               C. advice           D. help
20. A. ability    B. experience       C. knowledge          D. study
21. A. Above all  B. As a matter of fact   C.   As a result         D. In spite of that
22. A. hire       B. accept           C. suit           D. offer
23. A. cook       B. help             C. teacher            D. secretary
24. A. answered   B. promised         C. thanked        D. told
25. A. borrowing  B. buying           C. reading            D. writing
第四节:写作(1小题,满分10分)
26.书面表达:
现在越来越多的学生使用词典,有人选择使用传统词典,有人则喜欢使用电子词典。请你以“Printed dictionary or E-dictionary, which do you prefer?”为题,按照下列要点写一篇英语短文,可根据需要适当发挥:
1、传统词典:内容详、例句多… 缺点:携带不便…
2、电子词典:省时、方便… 缺点:例句少…
3、我选用的词典及理由
注意:1、词数:100-120 文章题目和开头已给出(不计入词数)。
          2、参考词汇:电子词典 e-dictionary  传统词典  printed dictionary 
条目 entry        释义  definition
 
Printed dictionary or E-dictionary, which do you prefer?
Nowadays more and more students use dictionaries as study aids. Some think that it is better to use ...
 
第二部分:高等学校对应于小学英语学科教学内容
说明:本部分测试考生对高等学校对应于小学英语学科教学内容掌握情况,本部分共17小题,共30分,分为四节。第一节:单项选择;第二节:翻译题;第三节:阅读理解题;第四节:写作。
第一节:单项选择:从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。
27. I am sorry I have no time at present to ____ more detail or give you an account of other cities 
of interest.
A. bring into                 B. take into            C. come into            D. go into
28. Jim says that he is willing to ____ tomorrow’s meeting.
A. preside            B. chair         C. lead             D. take part
29. Living in the western part of the country has its problems, ________ obtaining fresh water is not the least.  
A. with which         B. for which     C. of which         D. which
30. _________ is usually meaning-distinctive in Chinese, but in English it is not.
A. stress            B. tone          C. intonation          D. phoneme
31. With the publication of The Sun Also Sun Rises, ______ became the spokesman for what Gertrude Stein had called “a Lost Generation”.
A. Fitzgerald           B. Faulkner        C. Hemingway       D. Steinbeck
 
第二节:翻译题:(1小题;满分5分)
32.把下面短文划线部分翻译成中文。
I find young people exciting. They have an air of freedom, and they have not a dreary commitment to mean ambitions or love of comfort. They are not anxious social climbers, and they have no devotion to material things. All this seems to me to link them with life, and the origins of things. It’s as if they were, in some sense, cosmic beings in violent and lovely contrast with us suburban creatures. All that is in my mind when I meet a young person. He may be conceited, ill-mannered, presumptuous or fatuous, but I do not turn for protection to dreary clichés about respect for elders—as if mere age were a reason for respect. I accept that we are equals, and I will argue with him, as an equal, if I think he is wrong.
 
第三节:阅读理解题 阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)。
                               (一)
As a wise man once said, we are all ultimately alone. But an increasing number of Europeans are choosing to be so at an ever earlier age. This isn’t the stuff of gloomy philosophical contemplations, but a fact of Europe’s new economic landscape, embraced by sociologists, real-estate developers and ad executives alike. The shift away from family life to solo lifestyle, observes a French sociologist, is part of the “irresistible momentum of individualism” over the last century. The communications revolution, the shift from a business culture of stability to one of mobility and the mass entry of women into the workforce have greatly wreaked havoc on(扰乱) Europeans’ private lives.
    Europe’s new economic climate has largely fostered the trend toward independence. The current generation of home-aloners came of age during Europe’s shift from social democracy to the sharper, more individualistic climate of American style capitalism. Raised in an era of privatization and increased consumer choice, today’s tech-savvy(精通技术的) workers have embraced a free market in love as well as economics. Modern Europeans are rich enough to afford to live alone, and temperamentally independent enough to want to do so.
    Once upon a time, people who lived alone tended to be those on either side of marriage-twenty something professionals or widowed senior citizens. While pensioners, particularly elderly women, make up a large proportion of those living alone, the newest crop of singles are high earners in their 30s and 40s who increasingly view living alone as a lifestyle choice. Living alone was conceived to be negative-dark and cold, while being together suggested warmth and light. But then came along the idea of singles. They were young, beautiful, strong! Now, young people want to live alone.
    The booming economy means people are working harder than ever. And that doesn’t leave much room for relationships. Pimpi Arroyo, a 35-year-old composer who lives alone in a house in Paris, says he hasn’t got time to get lonely because he has too much work. “I have deadlines which would make life with someone else fairly difficult.” Only an Ideal Woman would make him change his lifestyle, he says. Kaufmann, author of a recent book called “The Single Woman and Prince Charming,” thinks this fierce new individualism means that people expect more and more of mates, so relationships don’t last long-if they start at all. Eppendorf, a blond Berliner with a deep tan, teaches grade school in the mornings. In the afternoon she sunbathes or sleeps, resting up for going dancing. Just shy of 50, she says she’d never have wanted to do what her mother did-give up a career to raise a family. Instead, “I’ve always done what I wanted to do: live a self-determined life.”

33. More and more young Europeans remain single because           .
A. they are driven by an overwhelming sense of individualism
B. they have entered the workforce at a much earlier age
C. they have embraced a business culture of stability
D. they are pessimistic about their economic future
34. What is said about European society in the passage?
A. It has fostered the trend towards small families.
B. It is getting closer to American-style capitalism.
C. It has limited consumer choice despite a free market.
D. It is being threatened by irresistible privatization.
35. According to Paragraph 3, the newest group of singles are            .
A. warm and lighthearted                  B. on either side of marriage
C. negative and gloomy                    D. healthy and wealthy
36. The author quotes Eppendorf to show that            .
A. some modern women prefer a life of individual freedom
B. the family is no longer the basic unit of society in present-day Europe
C. some professional people have too much work to do to feel lonely
D. most Europeans conceive living a single life as unacceptable
37. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
A. To review the impact of women becoming high earners.
B. To contemplate the philosophy underlying individualism.
C. To examine the trend of young people living alone.
D. To stress the rebuilding of personal relationships.
 
(二)
It is hard to track the blue whale, the ocean’s largest creature which has almost been killed off by commercial whaling and is now listed as an endangered species. Attaching radio devices to it is difficult and visual sightings are too unreliable to give real insight into its behavior.
So biologists were delighted early this year when with the help of the Navy they were able to track a particular blue whale for 43 days monitoring its sounds. This was possible because of the Navy’s formerly top-secret system of underwater listening devices spanning the oceans. Tracking whales is but one example of an exciting new world just opening to civilian scientists after the cold war as the Navy starts to share and partly uncover its global network of underwater listening system built over the decades to track the ships of potential enemies.
Earth scientists announced at a news conference recently that they had used the system for closely monitoring a deep-sea volcanic eruption for the first time and that they plan similar studies. Other scientists have proposed to use the network for tracking ocean currents and measuring changes in ocean and global temperatures. The speed of sound in water is roughly one mile a second-slower than through land but faster than through air. What is most important different layers of ocean water can act as channels for sounds focusing them in the same way a stethoscope does when it carries faint noises from a patient’s chest to a doctor’s ear. This focusing is the main reason that even relatively weak sounds in the ocean especially low-frequency ones can often travel thousands of miles.


38. The passage is chiefly about ______.   
A an effort to protect an endangered marine species.
B the civilian use of a military detection system.
C the exposure of a U.S. Navy top-secret weapon.
D a new way to look into the behavior of blue whales.
39. The underwater listening system was originally designed ______.   
A to trace and locate enemy vessels   
B to monitor deep-sea volcanic eruptions   
C to study the movement of ocean currents   
D to replace the global radio communications network  
40. The deep-sea listening system makes use of ____ .   
A the sophisticated technology of focusing sounds under water   
B the capability of sound to travel at high speed   
C the unique property of layers of ocean water in transmitting sound   
D low-frequency sounds travelling across different layers of water  
41. It can be inferred from the passage that____.   
A new radio devices should be developed for tracking the endangered blue whales   
B blue whales are no longer endangered with the use of the new listening system   
C opinions differ as to whether civilian scientists should be allowed to use military           technology  
D military technology has great potential in civilian use  
42. Which of the following is true about the U.S. Navy underwater listening network?
A It is now partly accessible to civilian scientists.   
B It has been replaced by a more advanced system.   
C It became useless to the military after the cold war.   
D It is indispensable in protecting endangered species.
第四节:写作:(1题;满分10分)
43.以On Aging of the population 为题,写一篇长为120-150词的小作文。
 
第三部分:英语课程与教学理论知识
说明:本部分测试考生对英语课程与教学理论知识掌握情况,本部分共14小题,共30分,分为四节。第一节:单项选择填空;第二节:填空题;第三节:简答题;第四节:论述题。
第一节:单项选择填空(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。
44、英语课程标准规定了小学阶段二级的语音知识具体目标。英语语音知识涵盖语音的认读、音节的识别、词汇的辨认、_______、句子的理解,也涵盖语调、节奏、音重和语流运作的规律。
    A、语篇结构的感知   B、语法的认知  C、目标的获取     D、语义的判断
45、一般而言,中小学英语单元教材可以分为三大系统,它们主次分明,_______是源,作业系统和图表系统是流,三者相辅相成。
    A、非文本系统   B、主题系统    C、知识结构系统     D、文本符号系统
46. 英语与汉语不尽相同,英语是_______。就英语阅读过程而言,阅读首先是个体把文字符号转换为语音码的过程;其次,英语语音与字母或字母组合有着相对的对应关系,其语音操作由语义潜势;其三,语音是短时工作记忆的载体。
    A、语言符号系统  B、音节文字系统  C、拼音文字系统   D、表意文字系统
47.Austin和Searle的学说是“任务型”教学研究一个十分重要的理论来源。 Searle认为,语言交际单位不是单词或句子等语言单位,而是_______。
    A. 语言行为      B. 言语行为      C. 文字符号      D.心理表征
48. 小学英语_______ 对新知识没有任何明确的计划和要求,它是一个将听、说、读、写、玩、表、唱等形式融为一体的英语课。
     A.活动课      B. 综合课      C. 口语课         D. 巩固复习课
第二节:填空题(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。
49. Theory is ______ in the practice of language teaching. It reveals itself in the assumptions underlying practice, in the planning of a course of study, in the routines of the classroom, in the value judgements about language teaching, and in the decisions that the language teacher has to make day by day.
50. The ______ view of language sees language as a linguistic system made up of various subsystems: the sound system (phonology); the discrete units of meaning produced by sound combinations (morphology); and the system of combining units of meaning for communication (syntax).
51. ____ learning emphasizes the task rather than the language in learning process.
52. PPP stands for Presentation, Practice and _____. In PPP method classes or sequences, the teacher presents the context and situation for the language, and both explains and demonstrates the meaning and form of the new language. The students then practice making sentences before going on to another stage in which they talk or write more freely.
53.The _____ theory of language learning was initiated by the psychologist Skinner, who applied Watson and Raynor’s theory of conditioning to the way humans acquire languages
第三节:简答题(共3小题;每小题5分,满分15分)。
54.为什么说英语语音的训练和教学是首要的、基础的,它要贯穿在英语教与学活动的始终?
55.什么是教学模式?请举典型例子说明。
56.为什么说英语语法教学是基于语法学习而存在的?
第四节:论述题(1题,满分15分)。
57.论英语阅读教学中生词量和语法难易度控制,并举例说明。
 
二.参考答案:
 
第一部分:中学英语学科教学内容
第一节:字母和单词注音(共10小题;每小题0。5分,满分5分)
1. w   [`dʌb(ə)lju:]         2. z [zed]            3. l  [el]           4. beds [ bedz ]
5. reading  [`ri:diŋ]         6. worker [`wə:kə]     7. kitchen [[`kitʃin]
8. begun [[bi`ɡʌn]           9. can’t  [kɑ:nt]       10.said    [sed]    
第二节:翻译题 把下面的句子翻译成为英文(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
11. 几经周折,我才在一家金矿找到一份工作。
(After trying hard, I got a job in a gold mine.)
12.那时这被认为是一次技术革命,也是我人工智能研究的开始。
   (At that time, it was considered a technological revolution and the start of my study of artificial inteligence.)
13.到了这个时候,他的餐馆本该宾客盈门。
   (By now his restaurant ought to be full of poeple.)
14. 昨天我们见了面,我做自我介绍时,他靠得很近。
   (When we met yesterday, he moved close to me as I introduced myself.)
15. 事情得经过时这样的。
    (This is how the story goes.)
第三节完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
16. C. nervous ,17. A. calmed,18. D. questioned,19. B. job ,20. B. experience  
21. B. As a matter of fact ,22. C.suit ,23. A. cook   ,24.C.thanked ,25.C.reading
第四节:写作(1题,满分10分)
26.书面表达 
A:   Nowadays more and more students use dictionaries as study aids. Some think that it is better to use the printed dictionary. They consider that it has more entries which are complete and detailed,while the e-dictionary offers limited information.
However, some others hold the opposite view. They think that an e-dictionary is smart and cool to use as well as time-saving. Meanwhile, it has many other practical functions. But a printed dictionary is not so convenient to carry.
Personally, I prefer the printed dictionary because it has many advantages. First, it provides more entries. Besides, the definitions are followed by more examples,which makes it easier for us to understand. Most important of all, it provides enough contexts for us to develop a good sense of language and to improve our writing. (116 w)
 
B:  Nowadays more and more students use dictionaries as study aids. Some think that it is better to use the e-dictionary. They consider that an e-dictionary is smart and cool to use as well as time-saving. Meanwhile, it has many other practical functions. But a printed dictionary is not so convenient to carry.
However, some others hold the opposite view. They think the printed dictionary has more entries which are complete, detailed with more examples while the e-dictionary provides limited information.
Personally I prefer the e-dictionary. First, it’s very handy and cute. Besides, it’s very practical and helpful. Not only is it a dictionary, it’s also a calculator, a calendar, and a timekeeper as well. It can even teach the learner how to pronounce a word. Above all, most entries of the e-dictionary are up to date. (118 w)
 
第二部分:高等学校对应于中学英语学科教学内容
第一节:单项选择:从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。
27,D、28,B、29,C、30,B、31,C
第二节:翻译题:(1小题;满分5分)
32.把下面短文划线部分翻译成中文。
参考译文:
我觉得年轻人令人振奋。他们无拘无束;既不追逐卑鄙的名利,也不贪图生活的舒适。他们不热衷于向上爬,也不一味追求物质享受。在我看来,所有这些使他们与生命和万物之源联系在了一起。在某种意义上讲,他们似乎是宇宙人,同我们这些凡夫俗子形成了强烈而鲜明的对照。
第三节:阅读理解题 阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)。
33,A、34,B、35,D、36,A、37,C、 38,B、39,A、40,C、41,D、42,A
第四节:写作:(1题;满分10分)
43.以On Aging of the population 为题,写一篇长为120-150词的小作文。
参考译文:
Aging of the population
People in China are living longer and longer while new babies are insufficient to take place of them. As a result, china has become an aging society, with the population over 60 reaching 134 million, or more than 10 percent of the country’s 1.3 billion total.
The aging of the population is putting more and more serious pressure on both society and family. National expenditure for the aging population is always on the increase. To make matters worse, a declining proportion of the working population is likely to hinder the economic development. As for the young couples, they are struggling harder and harder to support their old parents while raising their children at the same time.
Among the following three ways to address, the first is to pay due attention to guaranteeing the basic living standards of the elderly and safeguarding their legitimate rights and interests. Secondly, the elderly should be given full chance to play an active role in our social life and make a contribution to the whole society. Last, but not least, we should persist in our efforts to develop the market which provides products for the elderly and stimulate the growth of our economy.
 
第三部分:中学英语学科课程与教学论
第一节:单项选择(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。
44,D、45,B、46,C、47,B.,48、A
第二节:填空题(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)。
49. implicit,50. structural,51.Task-based,52. Production,53.behaviourist
第三节:简答题(共3小题;每小题5分,满分15分)。
54.为什么说英语语音的训练和教学是首要的、基础的,它要贯穿在英语教与学活动的始终?首先英语是拼音文字系统,它与形义之间关系密切,三者相互依存,相辅相成,语义的获取是以语音为中介的;其次,就个体语言发展而言,口语(语音)先于书面语而存在,而发展。离开了语音,英语语言教与学便是一句空话。所以说英语语音训练和教学是首要的,是基础的。
55.教学模式是以教学思想、教学理论为根据而建构起来的模型或范式。典型的教学模式有夸美纽斯的观察-记忆-理解-练习模式;布鲁姆的掌握学习模式等。P70
 
56.从学习者知识表征来看,英语语法是显性语言规则的内部心理表征;从教学的视角来看,英语语法通过教学表征才能实现学生语法学习的心理表征。就英语语法学习过程而言,语法具有语义的潜势,英语语法学习必须与语义相关联。英语语法教学必然是意义彰显,内涵丰富的个体心理过程。因此,英语语法教学是不能脱离个体学习的意义,所以说英语语法教学是基于语法学习的存在。
第四节:论述题15%
57.论英语阅读教学中生词量和语法难易度控制,并举例说明。
对中小学生而言,英语阅读既是意义事件,又是语言事件。生词量和语法难易度是衡量语篇可读性的重要指标,于是,生词量和语法难易度成了英语教材编制和阅读教学的重要参数。英语生词量的多寡,语法难易度的高低直接影响着读者对篇章的理解和语义建构,也影响着个体语言能力的发展。过多的生词和过难的语法项目使语篇理解变得更加困难,甚至使语篇语义无法建构。
不同类型的阅读有不同的生词量要求和标准。一般来说,作为精读课阅读语篇的生词量一般低于有效阅读词汇总量的3%;作为泛读阅读语篇的生词量一般低于有效阅读词汇总量的1%。如果教材的生词总量过大,首先,教师应在教学中适当增加阅读量,以便降低阅读的生词量,减少有生词量过大而造成的阅读障碍;其次,根据生词的难易度和频度,把英语词汇的记忆与理解融进听、说、读、写、译等语言活动之中。从而减轻学生记忆上的负担,提高学习效率。
语法难易度也是英语阅读与阅读教学不可忽视的问题。语法既是英语语言功能的存在,又是元语言功能的存在。教学中教师要根据学生学习的基础和经验分析语法项目的可学性,由浅入深,由易至难,由简单到复杂,循序渐进,控制英语语法教学中的难度。让学生在例示中理解和感知语法规则,在句子和语篇中操练语法规则,在不同的语言活动中提炼语法意识。
语言是意义和结构的结合体,语言学习和发展总是与结构和意义相伴而行。通过阅读学习英语语法,以阅读控制语法难度,体悟语法意义和功能,提炼学生的语法意识,又以语法学习促进学生英语阅读能力的发展,使英语语法学习与阅读技能的发展相得益彰不失为英语语法学习的有效途径。(考生必须举例说明)
 
VI.附录:
第一部分:小学英语教学内容
 

  • 语音项目
  1. 基本语音
  2. 重音
  3. 读音的变化
  4. 语调与节奏
  5. 语音、语调、重音、节奏等在口语交流重的运用
  6. 主要英语国家的英语语音差异
  • 语法项目
1.名词:可数名词及其单复数、不可数名词、专有名词、名词所有格
2.代词:人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、不定代词、疑问代词
3.数词:基数词、序数词
4.介词和介词短语
5.连词
6.形容词(比较级和最高级)
7.副词(比较级和最高级)
8.冠词
9.动词:动词的基本形式、系动词、及物动词和不及物动词、助动词、情态动词
10.时态:一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、过去进行时、过去将来时、将来进行时、现在完成时、过去完成时、现在完成进行时。
11.语态:主动语态、被动语态
12.非谓语动词:动词不定式、动名词、现在分词、过去分词
13.构词法:合成法、派生法、转化法
14.句子种类:陈述句、祈使句、疑问句、感叹句
15.句子成分:主语、谓语、表语、宾语、定语、状语、补语
16.简单句的基本句型
17.主谓一致
18.并列复合句
19.主从复合句:宾语从句、状语从句、定语从句、主语从句、表语从句
20.间接引语
21.倒装
22.强调句
23虚拟语气
(三)功能意念项目
1.社会交往
2.态度与情感
3.时间与空间
4.存在
5.特征
6.计量
7.比较
8.逻辑关系
9.职业
(四)话题项目
1.日常的生活话题
2.文化与社会话题
3.自然与科学话题
 
第二部分:高等教育对应于小学英语学科教学内容
(一)基础英语
1.英语国家文化传统、风俗习惯;
2.中美文化的共性和特性、
3.英语语言的相关知识如英语的多样性、
4.旅游和文化的关系、
5.基督教的概况、
6.社会问题和弱势群体、
7.与文化相关词汇的学习和基于文化的听、说、读、写、译。
(二)英语写作基础
1.写作规范
2.标点符号的使用 
3.词语的选择:词语的抽象和具体、词语的层次和意义、成语与习语、修辞格的运用
4.句子的使用
5.段落写作:段落要求、段落组织的常用方法
6.短文写作:便条格式、书信格式和逻辑条理、议论文的审题
7.描写文
8.记述文
9.议论文(讲授、练习、讨论、讲评)
10.演讲文和辩论文
11.说明文
12.多视角写作和创造性写作:儿歌、绕口令、诗歌、歌词、散文、小说
(三)英语语法
1.词类及用法
2.句子种类及结构
3.语篇结构及知识
(四)英美概况
1.了解主要英语国家(美国、英国、澳大利亚、加拿大、新西兰)的历史。
2.了解主要英语国家地理。
3.了解主要英语国家政治。
4.了解主要英语国家风土人情等文化背景知识
5.能通过与中国文化的比较,理解文化共性与个性,提高对语言文化内在关系的认识
(五)翻译技巧
1.英汉与汉英的翻译基本知识及过程
2.词语、句子和语篇翻译的方法
3.翻译单位与语篇分析
4.翻译的语言对比规律
5.翻译的基本技巧
6.克服翻译症
7.文体与翻译
8.翻译中的文化意识
9.忠实与叛逆
10.工具书的选择与运用
(六)英美文学
1.盎格鲁-萨克逊文学 (Anglo-Saxon Literature):盎格鲁-萨克逊诗歌 (Anglo Saxon Poetry)、Pagan Poetry • Beowulf、 Religious Poetry •Caedmon and Cynewulf、中世纪文学等。
2.中世纪文学 (Medieval Literature):《坎特伯雷故事集》。
3、英国文艺复兴 (English Renaissance);莎士比亚悲剧、戏剧和十四行诗、文艺复兴戏剧、
文艺复兴诗歌 (Poetry)、文艺复兴散文 (Essays)
4.十七世纪文学 (17th Century Literature):十七世纪诗歌 (Poetry)、十七世纪小说 (Fiction)
5.十八世纪文学 (18th Century Literature):新古典主义(Neoclassicism) 、感伤主义 (Sentimentalism) 、十八世纪小说 (Fiction):现实主义小说 (Realistic Fiction)、十八世纪诗歌、十八世纪戏剧。
6,英国浪漫主义 (English Romanticism)、浪漫主义诗歌 (Romantic Poetry)、浪漫主义时期的小说创作。
7.维多利亚文学 (Victorian Literature)、现实主义小说 (Realistic/Psychological/Naturalistic Fiction)、维多利亚时期的诗歌创作、维多利亚时期的戏剧创作。
8.二十世纪初期的英国文学(Early Twentieth Century Literature)、现实主义文学、现代主义文学。
9.The Literature of Colonial and  Revolutionary America
10.The Literature of Romanticism:    Early Romantics
11.The American Literature of Realism
12.Naturalism
13.Twentieth Century Literature
 





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